Heart disease can be prevented!
But not all heart diseases can be prevented!
Heart disease is simply divided into congenital and acquired, and there are many types of acquired heart disease.
Congenital heart disease cannot be prevented:
Congenital heart disease accounts for about 30% of various congenital malformations. A simple understanding refers to a heart disease caused by abnormal anatomical structure of the heart during embryonic development or a channel that should be automatically closed after birth.
Congenital heart disease is divided into many situations, and the symptoms vary widely. The mildest can be asymptomatic for life, and the severe ones have serious symptoms such as hypoxia, shock and even death at birth. Congenital heart disease can be divided into cyanotic or non-cyanotic types, and can also be divided into three categories according to the presence or absence of shunt: non-shunt type, such as pulmonary artery stenosis, aortic narrowing; left to right shunt type, such as atrial septal defect, ventricular Septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, and right-to-left shunts, such as tetralogy of Fallot, dislocation of large vessels.
Congenital heart disease is divided into three types according to severity:
A small number of congenital heart diseases have a chance of self-healing before the age of 5;
In addition, a small number of patients have mild deformities and no obvious effect on circulatory function without any treatment;
Most patients require surgical treatment. If early detection and early treatment can be found, most patients can return to normal as normal people, growth and development are not affected, and they can meet the needs of ordinary work, study and life. Cardiac ultrasound screening should be done during infancy. The earlier these heart diseases are discovered, the sooner the treatment can be effectively cured. Whether it is surgical treatment or interventional treatment, the effect is currently good, basically can achieve the result of radical cure.
Acquired heart disease, the most common types are preventable:
In addition to congenital heart disease, all other heart diseases are acquired, including many diseases: coronary heart disease, hypertension heart disease, heart failure, various cardiomyopathy, valve disease, myocarditis, arrhythmia, rheumatic heart disease, Pulmonary heart disease, infectious heart disease, endocrine heart disease, blood disease heart disease, nutrition metabolic heart disease, etc.
There are indeed some heart diseases that cannot be prevented, such as dilated cardiomyopathy, such as valvular heart disease, such as hypertrophic heart disease, etc. Although these heart diseases cannot be prevented, if there are heart symptoms, they need to be diagnosed as soon as possible and treated early to prolong life. . Of course, the relative incidence of these heart diseases is relatively low. The highest incidence rates are coronary heart disease, hypertension heart disease, arrhythmia, heart failure and other heart diseases. We mainly look at whether these types of heart disease can be prevented!
- Coronary heart disease
It is the heart disease with the highest incidence rate at present, and it is also the heart disease we are most concerned about, generally including angina, myocardial infarction, asymptomatic coronary heart disease and so on. The essence of coronary heart disease is increased atherosclerosis, causing cardiovascular stenosis. When cardiovascular stenosis is greater than 50%, we call it coronary heart disease. The prevention of coronary heart disease is actually the prevention of atherosclerosis. The causes of the formation and aggravation of atherosclerosis include: hyperlipidemia, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking and drinking, genetics, sedentary exercise, unhealthy diet and other factors , So the prevention of atherosclerosis is to live a healthy life. It is found that the three highs should be actively and formally controlled strictly.
- Hypertensive heart disease
Hypertensive heart disease, the reason is very simple, that is, long-term hypertension is not controlled, or poorly controlled. The pressure on the heart is too great, and it gradually increases. The enlarged heart will have impaired heart function, which is called hypertensive heart disease. Prevention is also very simple, mainly to prevent and actively control high blood pressure. With good blood pressure control, no hypertensive heart disease will occur. For the prevention of high blood pressure, we have said many times that in simple terms, it is a low-salt diet, a low-fat, low-sugar diet, quit smoking and alcohol, adhere to aerobic exercise, measure blood pressure early, and actively and regularly control blood pressure if it is found to be elevated.
Arrhythmia is a large type of heart disease, and it is difficult to elaborate. Simply saying that other heart diseases may cause arrhythmia, so the prevention of arrhythmia is to formally treat other heart diseases and prevent other heart diseases from accompanying arrhythmia.
- Heart failure
In principle, heart failure is not an accurate disease name, it is a result of enlarged heart, that is, any heart disease, if not effectively treated, may lead to enlarged heart, such as myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, hypertension , Valve disease, myocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, etc., without effective early control, the heart will gradually expand and heart failure will occur. Therefore, the prevention of heart failure is the early formal treatment of various heart diseases.
For the prevention of arrhythmia and heart failure, it is simply a formal early treatment of other heart diseases.
For coronary heart disease and hypertensive heart disease, the most important thing is healthy life + active control of blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipids.
Healthy living is to stay away from tobacco and alcohol, adhere to aerobic exercise, control weight, eat healthy, and work regularly.
In short, for heart diseases that can be prevented, we should start small, start early, and start daily life to prevent effectively!
For unpreventable heart disease, it should be treated early and treated regularly.