People grow with each passing day as the living standard improves. It is understood that nearly 1/3 of diabetic patients in China need to receive insulin treatment. Regular daily insulin injection is also a compulsory course for these diabetic patients.
Although insulin injection can maintain blood glucose balance and help restore islet function, long-term insulin injection will also have some adverse effects on the body. Here are four side effects of insulin injection. You may want to know about them.
What are the effects of long-term insulin therapy? Most people don’t know about these four side effects
- Hypoglycemia may occur
If long-term injection of insulin, it is likely to appear hypoglycemia before or during the night. If diabetics find themselves sweating, trembling, pale, and probably more insulin, it is necessary to reduce the dosage.
It is suggested that blood glucose should be monitored regularly to avoid unstable blood glucose changes caused by excessive insulin injection.
- Weight gain
A lot of diabetes, after long-term injection of insulin, will appear over reliance on insulin. Many diabetics believe that after injection of insulin, the diet can not be controlled too strictly, so the weight will increase a lot.
In addition, insulin itself is a synthetic hormone. The more you inject, the higher your weight will be. Clinical shows that you can’t inject more than 40 units of insulin every day. If you inject too much insulin, you will suffer from hyperinsulinemia and eventually lead to arteriosclerosis.
- Subcutaneous lipodystrophy
Long term use of non purified insulin, or long-term people in a site injection, may appear subcutaneous fat atrophy.
It can be seen in patients with long-term use of animal insulin. If animal insulin is used, it may be more prone to this phenomenon.
- Local bruising
When some people inject insulin, they find that the injection site may be bruised. In fact, this is not only after the injection of other drugs, the injection may also have this phenomenon.
In general, this kind of bruising is absorbed quickly and does not need special treatment. In order to avoid local bruising, the injection site can be pressed for a few seconds immediately after injection.
What problems should we pay attention to when injecting insulin?
- The injection site should be selected correctly, the interval between two injections should be more than 2 cm, and repeated injections at the same site should be avoided, so as not to affect the insulin absorption and the formation of subcutaneous fat induration.
- When using the injection pen, a new needle should be replaced each time. It is against the principle of aseptic operation to reuse the needle and increase the possibility of infection.
And because the needle is disposable design, reuse not only increases the chance of infection, but also increases the chance of insulin blocking the needle, and the needle breaks in the body.
- To ensure that insulin injection in the subcutaneous layer, injection can be too deep to the muscle layer. The blood supply of muscle layer is rich, which can accelerate the absorption of insulin and easily lead to hypoglycemia.
The best way to avoid it is to choose an ultra short needle for injection, with two or three fingers pinching the skin at the injection site.