Rethinking “Internet Violence Culture” from “Viral Discrimination”

“The harm caused by cyber violence is more serious than the new crown virus itself.” Japan’s NHK TV station sighed recently. On Japanese social media, malicious slander and slander against medical staff, diagnosed patients and their families have appeared one after another, and cyber violence has even penetrated from the virtual world to real life. In addition to Japan, European countries are also rethinking online culture-in the epidemic, the participation of European people, especially young people, in online violence has increased significantly. In addition to the “side effects of the new crown epidemic”, the cultural and educational ailments behind the “cyber storm” problem should be discussed.

“Asian Virus” and “European Discrimination Chain”

The German weekly “Focus” reported that in Germany alone, the rate of adolescents being subjected to online violence during this period has reached as high as 50%, which was less than 1/3 of the same period last year. Westman, a cultural scholar at Humboldt University in Berlin, told the Global Times that the sudden new crown epidemic has intensified people’s dependence on the Internet. European adolescents spend an average of 6 to 8 hours a day on the Internet during the outbreak-twice as much as before about. Increasing internet time and stress caused by the epidemic have caused various cyberbullying phenomena. In late May, a 24-year-old female model in Germany tried to commit suicide by taking a lot of sleeping pills due to cyber violence. Fortunately, her family found out in time to avoid a tragedy.

Negative energy “bad words” is a major factor inducing cyber violence. In order to ensure the positive meaning of the language, the German Language Association will select some of the most defamatory and unsophisticated words as “evil words” this year. In the epidemic, more “evil words” appeared in European countries, and some media became the culprit of this “evil word style”. For example, the German “Der Spiegel” weekly reported the epidemic in China under the cover title of “Coronavirus-Made in China-When Globalization Brings Danger to Death”. Media such as “Photo” also called the new coronavirus “Asian virus”. Intensify discrimination against Asians in European networks and in reality. There are also “discrimination chains” within Europe. For example, countries with serious epidemics such as Italy and Spain are discriminated by other countries. Areas with severe epidemics in each country are discriminated against by other regions. New Crown patients are also subject to discrimination.

Discrimination has also occurred in patients with new crowns in Japan. According to a report by NHK TV in Japan, a pair of father and son living in Sendai were cured after treatment with new coronary pneumonia, but their personal information was leaked, their names, photos, etc. were posted online, and many unsuccessful “stories” were added. For example, he accused his son of “deliberately concealing his illness and working part-time”, insulted them for the severity of such behavior “comparable to terrorism,” and demanded “thanks to the entire network.” The father and son were miserable for this. The son refused to go to school after recovering from illness and is currently undergoing psychological treatment.

In Japan, for some new crown patients, the life after discharge is the real challenge. As their personal information was leaked, they were stared at by countless eyes. The neighbors saw them as if they were seeing the plague. Taxi refused to carry the new coronary pneumonia patients and medical staff in various places in Japan. Some companies even ask their family members to take the “active vacation” on the ground of “avoiding infecting others”. Various discriminations make it difficult for patients and medical staff to return to normal life.

The Japanese Psychological Association, a public welfare corporation, analyzed that epidemic diseases such as Ebola and SARS are prone to discriminatory behavior, and some groups in need of medical assistance deliberately conceal their condition in order to avoid discrimination. The Society believes that the prejudice of the public stems from a lack of understanding of the correct information. It is especially critical to spread the facts in easy-to-understand languages ​​and multilingualism. In this process, politicians, celebrities, entertainment stars, corporate leaders, etc. can be used to voice . The British royal family issued a “social media guide” last year to curb cyber violence against Meghan and Princess Kate. Westman believes that European governments may wish to formulate such a guide to guide the civilized use of the Internet. ▲

Violent works make teenagers lack thinking ability

“Violence in film and television works should be responsible for the current culture of online violence.” Westman believes that more and more violent scenes are broadcast on streaming media such as Netflix. Too many teenagers will cause good personality. Fighting, which makes it easier to stimulate and emulate violent behavior. The Global Times reporter observed this week from the top 10 TV programs in German TV and Netflix that most of the popular ones are detective or action subjects. Many German audiences reported to reporters that life was dull in the epidemic, and such violent subjects can be more stress relief.

Some low-quality online literature also has a negative impact. In Europe, only entertaining “fast food books” such as magic and detectives have a market. Even literary works published and published are increasingly inclined to suspense, detectives, tomb robbing and other subjects. “Now many novels in Europe are becoming less like literary works, and the educational effect on young people is also declining,” Westman believes that this is a bad trend. “Young people without literary precipitation will lack thinking ability.”

In order to prevent young people from participating in cyber violence, the Japanese education community is also taking action. According to Japan’s “Asahi Shimbun” report, the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education has specially produced textbooks for elementary and middle school students in the city to introduce the epidemic-resistant stories of the popular former baseball national player and current baseball coach Kataoka Shizuka, in order to correct young people’s bad ideas . The textbook also lists netizens’ “human flesh” diagnosed patients and other cyber violence behaviors, encouraging young people to think from the other’s standpoint. The Tokyo Education Commission said that each elementary and middle school will use the morning meeting or extracurricular activities to study this specially made textbook together, hoping to correct the misconceptions of young people and put an end to online violence.

Insufficient enforcement of cyber violence is also a major problem. Germany began implementing the “Network Execution Law” two years ago, which stipulates that social media must remove “obviously illegal content” within 24 hours of being notified of it, or face a fine of up to 50 million euros. However, in this epidemic, many experts still see the deficiencies of the law. Some experts suggested increasing the intensity of law enforcement against cyber violence, including increasing the maximum penalty period for insults from the current 1 year to 2 years, increasing the maximum penalty period for crimes of bad faith and reputation from 1 year to 3 years, and defamation The maximum penalty period for crimes has been increased from 2 years to 5 years.

To punish cyber violence, the Japanese government is accelerating the pace of legislation. According to Japan’s current Law on Limitation of Liability for Internet Service Providers, victims of cyber violence have the right to request network service providers to provide personal information such as the perpetrator’s name, address, and IP address in order to file a lawsuit for compensation or pursue criminal responsibility. But in the implementation process, because the network provider does not have the relevant information, it takes time and effort to query through other means. Therefore, there are opinions that the mobile phone number should be included in the investigative ranks, so as to quickly target the perpetrator. However, the situation of publishing malicious information through overseas network service providers is more complicated to deal with, and the victims have to swallow their voices. The situation will be discussed further. When the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan convened a meeting, it proposed that the statute of limitations for the one-year public prosecution of humiliation should be reopened, and that stricter punishment measures be introduced. There are also voices that strengthen the legislation to punish cyber violence for suspected violations of “free speech”. The Japanese government said it will make decisions based on careful consideration.

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